Glossary: T


Is of or relating to the sense of touch. See also texture.


Inherited or previously developed the ability of significant quality for artistic or other achievements. One or more persons have such capability. Most people consider inherited abilities more likely to result from nurturing experiences.


A decoratively woven fabric of a plaid pattern (sometimes called a sett) associated with a community in Scotland — a clan or family, a district, military, commercial, or other organization.


A personal preference or liking. And the capacity to tell what is aesthetically excellent or appropriate. Sometimes, the sense of what is proper or least likely to give offense.


Any method of working with art materials to produce an art object. Often implied is the sense that techniques are carefully studied, exacting, or traditional, but this is not necessarily true. Examples include basketry, blotting, carving, constructing, d├ęcoupage, embossing, encaustic, exquisite corpse, firing, folding, hatching, kerning, laminating, marbling, modeling, and necking.


The use of science, especially to achieve industrial, commercial, or engineering, as well as artistic results, or the particular scientific method and material used to achieve those results. "Technology" often refers to the essential qualities of a person's or society's tools, machines, or other apparatus to accomplish a mechanical end. In discussing art, technology might refer to complex machines used in the creation, exhibition, conservation, or studies of art, such as potter's wheels, presses, cameras, projectors, computers, lasers, and video equipment.


describes any type of binder, such as oil, water, or egg, that makes a pigment workable as a paint form.


The heat intensity is measured in degrees Fahrenheit, degrees Centigrade, or Celsius. (Chart for temperature conversions between Fahrenheit and Centigrade). It is also a characteristic of color that is relative.


The part of a form where the light transitions into shadow.


This is usually used for ceramic sculpture. It is a brownish-orange earthenware clay.


In Latin, tessella is a small cubical piece of clay, stone, or glass used to make mosaics. The word "tessella" means "small square". These shapes form a pattern, covering a surface or plane entirely without creating irregular shapes. This is the process of creating a two-dimensional plane using the repetition of a geometric shape with no overlap. Tessellations are seen throughout art history, from ancient architecture to modern art.


>refers to the tactile qualities of a surface (actual) or the visual representation of such surface qualities (implied). Texture is an element of art.


The artist interprets a broad or abstract topic, such as nature, love, or beauty.

Three-dimensional (3D)

A form in space that can be measured in three directions, having height, width, and depth; not flat. Also, the illusion of depth.


A light value of a color created by adding the color to white.


A hue mixed with grey. Lightness (sometimes called value or tone) is a property of color or a dimension of a color space that is defined to reflect the subjective brightness perception of color for humans along a lightness–darkness axis.


Knowledge, beliefs, or activities handed down from generation to generation.


Describes objects that fall between opaque and transparent. Light passes through them, but we can't clearly see through them to the other side. Translucent forms have to be shown as indistinct in drawing, with softly fading edges and vague contours, and the techniques for creating soft edges simply take longer and require more careful strokes.


The tendency to permit the un-scattered transmission of light, as opposed to translucency (permitting the scattered transmission of light) and opacity.

Transparent Object

Is an object that can be seen through clearly.


Is the well-known paint thinner or cleaner for oil paints and brushes. Sometimes, it is mixed with linseed oil (50/50) and used as an oil paint medium.

Two-dimensional (2D)

Flat, on one plane; can be measured in two directions.
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