Glossary: I

Iconography - Refers to when an object or symbol in a work of art represents something more than its literal form.

Ideal - A theory or conception of something in its absolute perfection. Or a standard or model of excellence. Also, an ultimate object of endeavor is a goal. And an honorable or worthy principle or aim.

Idealized - Regarded, treated as ideal, or made or envisioned as ideal. Also, see aesthetic, anime, style, and stylization.

Impasto - This is an Italian term that refers to the manner of painting where the paint is laid on thickly; thus, texture stands out in relief.

Illusion - An image that tricks the eye or seems to be something it is not.

Illustrate - To create designs and pictures for books, magazines, or other print or electronic media to make clear or explain the text or show what happens in a story.

Illustration Board - A bristol board made with a close weave. An Illustration board is a strong, heavy paper or card appropriate as a support for a pencil, pen, watercolor, collage, etc. It is more archival if it is acid-free. Also, see Oaktag.

Illustrator - Among those in art careers, a person who creates designs and pictures for books, magazines, or other print or electronic media. Specialties among illustrators include fashion illustrator and medical illustrator.

Image - A picture, idea, or impression of a person, thing, or idea; or a mental picture of a person, thing, or idea. The word imagery refers to a group or body of related images.

Imaginary - Of or having to do with the imagination; not realistic.

Implied - Something that is suggested or inferred rather than directly apparent.

Impression - Indentation in a material. A single copy of a print done in a set or Fine art made by any printing or stamping process. The term also refers to an art movement.

Informal Balance - This type of balance is one in which two sides of an artwork are not alike but carry equal or nearly equal visual weight. Also known as asymmetrical balance.

Intensity - brightness or dullness of a color. A color's intensity is highest, or most pure, when not mixed with another color. Colors with traces of other colors or black or white have lower intensity.

Intaglio - refers to a printmaking process. The process of incising a design beneath the surface of hard metal or stone. Plates are inked only in the etched depressions on the plates, and the plate surface is wiped clean. The ink is then transferred onto the paper through an etching press. The printing is done with a plate bearing an image in intaglio and includes all metal-plate etching and engraving processes. The reverse of this process is known as relief printing.

Intermediate Colors - Colors are created when a primary color (red, yellow, or blue) is mixed with a secondary color (orange, green, or violet).

Iris or Giclée - "Giclée," from the French word that means to spray, is a process of printmaking that eliminates the use of screens or mechanical devices to avoid any visible dot screen pattern. Pioneered in the late 1970s through the use of 4-color inkjet printers, technology has now advanced the process so that prints are created with multiple-color inkjet printers, providing an enhanced color quality. The current giclée process also offers superior color accuracy than other reproduction methods and creates incredible detail and vibrancy images. Giclée prints can be reproduced on various surfaces, the most popular being archival paper and canvas, and can be created to almost any size. Our giclées are printed on high-quality archival watercolor paper.

Irregular - Term used to describe shapes and forms that are not geometric. Also known as organic or amorphous (shapes that do not have a name).

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