Glossary: B

Background - Part of an artwork that appears farthest from the viewer or in the distance of the scene.

Baking - A sheet of mat-board or foam core placed behind the artwork and its associated mat to provide stiffening and protection.

Backlite - A light that shines on the subject from behind to separate it from the background.

Balance - The impression of equilibrium in a pictorial or sculptural composition. Balance can be symmetrical, asymmetrical, or radial. Balance is a principle of design.

Batik - is a kind of art wherein paraffin or beeswax is used to resist paint on fabric or paper. The design patterns are formed on the un-waxed areas.

Bird's Eye View - View from above or a high vantage point.

Bisque - Unglazed-fired ceramic clay.

Block-in - The "block-in" is a light sketch before any details, value, or shading are added to a drawing. It is used to ensure that the proportions are accurate and that the drawing is scaled to the correct page size.

Brayer - A hand-held rubber roller spreads ink over a surface in printing. A small hand roller is used to spread printmaking ink thinly and evenly.

Brightness - The perceived intensity of light or color.

Broad Lighting - A form of portrait lighting where the light shines more on the nearer or broader side of the face.

Broken Color - The placement of adjacent strokes of contrasting hues, which mix in the eye to form another color.

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